Characterization of 316L Steel Cellular Dodecahedron Structures Produced by Selective Laser Melting

Year: 
2016
Month: 
10
Day: 
8
DOI: 
10.3390/technologies4040034
Type: 
Journal Articles
Journal: 
Technologies
Abstract: 

The compression behavior of different 316L steel cellular dodecahedron structures with different density values were studied. The 316L steel structures produced using the selective laser melting process, has four different geometries: single unit cells with and without the addition of base plates beneath and on top and sandwich structures with multiple unit cells with different unit cell sizes. The relation between the relative compressive strength and the relative density was compared using different Gibson–Ashby models and with other published reports. The different aspects of the deformation and the mechanical properties were evaluated and the deformation at distinct loading levels was recorded. FEM simulations were carried out with the defined structures and the mechanical testing results were compared. The calculated theory, simulation estimation and the observed experimental results are in good agreement.