Ab-initio and experimental study of phase stability of Ti-Nb alloys

Year: 
2016
Month: 
11
Day: 
18
Pages: 
481-489
DOI: 
10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.11.231
Author(s): 
Type: 
Journal Articles
Journal: 
Journal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume: 
696
Abstract: 

A systematic theoretical and experimental study concerning the crystallographic structure and electronic properties of Ti-xNb (x < 50 at%) alloys is presented, aiming to enlighten the electronic origins of the β-phase stability which is of high interest for the development of novel β stabilized Ti-based alloys for biomedical applications. Both quantum-mechanical calculations and X-ray diffraction found several structural phases depending on Nb concentration. The ab-initio total energy results reveal that at low Nb contents the α′ and ω phases are favoured while at Nb content >18.75 at% the β-phase is favoured against all other crystallographic structures in line with the experimental results. Interestingly, at high Nb content the α′ and ω hexagonal phases become unstable due to the electronic band filling close to the Fermi level EF, which is mainly due to Nb-p and Ti-d antibonding hybridizations. On the contrary, in the cubic β-Ti-25Nb (at%) the depletion of the occupied electronic states at the EF occurs mainly due to Nb-d and Ti-d bonding interactions, resulting in a stable β-TiNb structure. These data could enlighten the electronic origin of the Ti-Nb phase stability, thus, may contribute to the design of β stabilized low moduli Ti-based alloys suitable for load-bearing biomedical applications.