Study of the structural defects on carbon nanotubes in metal matrix composites processed by severe plastic deformation

Year: 
2017
Month: 
9
Day: 
18
Pages: 
156-161
DOI: 
10.1016/j.carbon.2017.09.075
Type: 
Journal Articles
Journal: 
Carbon
Volume: 
125
Abstract: 

Carbon nanotubes (CNT) have been recently proposed as stabilizers against grain growth that can happen even at low temperature inputs in nano-crystalline and ultrafine-grained materials obtained by severe plastic deformation. In this study, we analyzed the evolution of the structural defects on the nanotubes in CNT-reinforced nickel matrix composites with different reinforcement weight fractions. The composites were processed by high pressure torsion, and we used Raman spectroscopy as the main characterization technique. The results indicate that for CNT subjected to highly energetic processing, it is not sufficient to analyze only the ID/IG ratio (as proposed in the available literature), but it is also necessary to evaluate the shifting of the G band, which traces the amorphization trajectory undergone by the CNT. Furthermore, we observed that the deformation suffered by the CNT is related to the accumulated strain and varies with the partial CNT fractions of these composites. This is related to their capacity to withstand the plastic strain that occurs during deformation. In addition, the defective state reaches a saturation before achieving the saturation in the microstructural refinement. These results will help to efficiently optimize the processing of this type of engineering composites.